Education and Human Capital Development in Bahrain:”Future International Collaboration with Malaysia”
Authors :- Saad Darwish
Keywords :- Bahrain, Education, Human Capital, International Collaboration, Malaysia.
Published Online :- 20 October 2014

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    During the past few years, Bahrain has emerged itself as a challenging nation at different fronts. Education remains at the forefront of planning at the economic levels; this of course is related immensely to the need of human capital development at national level. Present government has initiated reforms in major fields and education sector reforms include establishing new polytechnic college, teachers training programs and taking initiatives to improve vocational programs at upper secondary school level, and rigorous initiatives of quality assurance of the educational institutions. This was accompanied by issuing licenses to large number of private universities. This paper will investigate the opportunities for future collaborations and the areas of mutual interests with Malaysian education system. A generating force for these efforts is the statement of his Excellency Crown Prince of Bahrain Salman Bin Hamad Al-Khalifa “Investing in people is very important to the future of Bahrain.”
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Marketing vs E-Marketing
Authors :- Hamed Taherdoost and Neda Jalaliyoon
Keywords :- Traditional Marketing, Online Marketing, E-Marketing, Internet Marketing
Published Online :- 20 October 2014

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    Marketing is a societal process, which discerns consumer’s wants, focusing on a product or service to fulfill those wants, attempting to mould the consumers toward the products or services offered. With change in time, marketing also affected positively with advance technology. E-marketing have added thrill in marketing professionals. This paper aims to provide an overview of Traditional Marketing and E-Marketing with their pros and cons.
  • View References

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    [3] Taherdoost, H., S. Sahibuddin, et al. (2012a). Classification of Internet Products and Evaluation of Application Utilization Based on the Product Fulfillment Process 3rd European Conference of Computer Science Paris, France, Recent Advances in Computer Engineering Series, WSEAS Press, 160-164.
    [4] Taherdoost, H., S. Sahibuddin, et al. (2012b). Examination of Electronic Service Definitions International Conference on Advanced Computer Science Applications and Technologies (ACSAT), 73-77., Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, IEEE.
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Influence of Emotional Intelligence on Entrepreneurial Performance: An Empirica Analysis of the Hospitality Industry in Makurdi, Benue State, Nigeria
Authors :- Godday Orziemgbe Oriarewo, Kenneth Chukwujioke Agbim, Tor Aondoaver Zever
Keywords :- Emotional intelligence, Entrepreneurial performance, Hospitality industry, Makurdi
Published Online :- 20 December 2014

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    Individuals with greater emotional intelligence are better able to appraise, manage and regulate the emotions of others. Such abilities allow these individuals to judge if their emotions are linked to opportunities, and thus use these emotions in the process of decision making that enhances higher performance. However, while there is substantial evidence documenting the effects of emotional intelligence on leadership and educational performance, there is much less research examining the influence of emotional intelligence on entrepreneurial performance. Thus, this study assessed the influence of the dimensions of emotional intelligence (i.e., self emotional appraisal, others’ emotional appraisal, regulation of emotions and use of emotions) on entrepreneurial performance. Ex-post-facto design, simple random sampling technique and questionnaire were employed to generate data from selected respondents in the hospitality industry in Makurdi, Benue State, Nigeria. The data were analysed using Chi-square test. It was found that each of the dimensions of emotional intelligence is significantly related to entrepreneurial performance. In view of this, enterprises’ founders/owners should ensure that their managers and employees are emotionally intelligent through a well planned recruitment and selection process, training and retraining programme. Again, a positive emotional climate within the organisation through rewards and compensation system should be encouraged.
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Implementation of Procurement planning in Parastatal Organizations: A Case Study of Tanzania Postal Bank Head Quarters in Dar-es-salaam
Authors :- Frida Johnson Brahim, Othman Abada and Augustine Muhindo
Keywords :- Implementation, Parastatal, planning, Strategies, procurement
Published Online :- 17 June 2014

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    This research paper is concerned towards implementing procurement planning in Parastatal organizations. The study was conducted at the Tanzania Postal Bank headquarters in Dar-es-salaam. The research used a descriptive statistics to analyze the strategic role in the improvement of public services of procurement planning. A sample of 32 respondents was picked from 146 user departments and Procurement Management Unit from the Tanzania Postal Bank. The results shows that implementation of procurement planning in Parastatal organizations depends more on the cooperation between the Procurement Management Unit and user departments. This has to go hand in hand with the adherence to the public procurement Act No.21 of 2004 and public procurement regulations of 2005. The results also have shown that preparation of procurement planning is a very important process to achieve the targets for organizations. This research, though limited by inadequate availability of empirical literature particularly those discussing implementation of procurement planning in Parastatal organizations. The limitation however does not substantially reduce the generalizations of the results. The findings from this study shall be of practical use to Tanzania Postal Bank.
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The Impact of Leadership Style on Corporate Innovation: Survey from Telecommunication Industry
Authors :- Ali Yassin Sheikh Ali and Ibrahim Hassan Ibrahim
Keywords :- Corporate Innovation, Leadership Style, Somalia, Telecommunication Industry.
Published Online :- 27 June 2014

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    Corporate Innovation has become a prime source of succeeding and sustaining a competitive advantage in the telecommunication industry. While a large research body addresses the question of corporate innovation projects, a firm´s overall innovation with relation to the corporate leadership has received much less attention. Should innovations be driven by corporate directors and a close relation to leadership style?. The purpose of this study was to investigate the impact of leadership styles on corporate innovation in telecommunication industry in Somalia. The main objective of this paper was to investigate the relationship between leadership styles and corporate innovation dimensions among Telecommunication companies in Mogadishu-Somalia. Particularly, the study investigates the effect of 1) Transactional Leadership Style, 2) Transformational leadership Style; and 3) Laissez-faire leadership style on corporate innovation. By using purposive sampling, 142 top and supervisory level managers from telecommunication industry in Somalia participated in the study. The findings indicate that Transformational leadership (β= .485, t= 6.571, p<.001) , transactional leadership style (β=.262, t= 3.263, p<.001) and Laizes Faire leadership styles (β= .463, t= 6.211, p<.001) were found to have statistically significant and positive effect on firm innovation.
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Sustainable Economic Growth as a Function of Corruption, Oil Dependence, Poverty, and Inequality
Authors :- Antonio E. Morales-Pita and Daniel Flynn
Keywords :- Nigeria, Corruption, Oil Dependence, Poverty, Income Inequality
Published Online :- 15 July 2014

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    This paper analyzes the future prospects in economic growth in Nigeria in the context of the negative impact of interrelated issues, such as corruption, oil dependence, poverty, and income inequality. Since 2000, the Nigerian economy has experienced strong growth and has been championed by many economists as a potential breakout nation. The authors argue that the idea of a Nigerian economic success story is premature. A heavy dependence on oil puts the economy in a potentially risky position while corruption prevents trickle down of economic growth and thus leads to increased poverty and income inequality. The conclusion summarizes the argument that the continued prevalence of the four issues mentioned above indicate that the current level of growth is unsustainable in the future.
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Training and Manpower Development in Public Research and Development Organizations
Authors :- Adeleye, A, Dickson- Adegbite, Stephen A. and Aderemi, Helen O.
Keywords :- Manpower Development, Training, , Organization, Research and Development
Published Online :- 15 July 2014

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    The study examined the policies, effectiveness and the constraints to training and manpower development (TMD) in public research and development (R&D) organizations in southwest Nigeria for enhanced performance. Data from a study of twenty-two (22) public R&D organizations in the study area was used in this paper. Findings showed that Public R&D has high scientific R&D content and requires availability of highly qualified manpower who could handle very sophisticated equipment and processes. Funding and training policy decision posed major constraints to TMD. The study concluded that while some may argue that government’s development plan should map the direction of training and research. It is equally important that every stakeholder including management be involved in training policy decision. The study recommended the development of a proactive approach to TMD in Nigeria.
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Study on Competitive Power of the County Economy on the Basis of Factor Analysis–A Case Study of Shandong Province
Authors :- Xianyin Lee, Jiaojiao Guo and Wenchao Zuo
Keywords :- County Economy, Competitive Power, Factor Analysis, Case Study
Published Online :- 26 July 2014

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    County economy is the important component, as well as the most basic regional unit of national economy. By the comprehensive evaluation of the competitiveness of county economy, we would find the variation law of the county economy competitiveness, which is significant to improve the competitiveness of county economy and promote the overall development of the national economy. Using factor analysis and principal component analysis method, this paper established the comprehensive evaluation system of the county economic competitiveness, and extracted four common factors which have a decisive influence on the development of competitiveness of county economy, then evaluated the competitiveness of ninety-one county economy in Shandong province. Finally, this paper also puts forward the suggestions on county economic development of Shandong province.
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The Impact of Job Characteristics on Burnout; The Mediating Role of Work Family Conflict and the Moderating Role of Job Satisfaction
Authors :- Gönül Kaya Özbağ and Gökçe Çiçek Ceyhun
Keywords :- Job Characteristics, Job Satisfaction, Work Family Conflict, Burnout
Published Online :- 26 July 2014

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    The aim of this study is to test the relationships among job characteristics (skill variety, task significance, task identity, autonomy and feedback), job satisfaction, work family conflict (WFC) and burnout (exhaustion, personal accomplishment and cynicism). Various sets of factors including organizational characteristics, job characteristics, and individual characteristics are investigated in order to find out the root causes of job burnout. However, different from other studies, we investigated the mediating role of work family conflict and the moderating role of job satisfaction in explaining the relationship between job characteristics and burnout. The proposed hypotheses were tested by hierarchical regression analysis by means of data from 161 employees. The results indicated that WFC partially mediated the relationship between job characteristics and burnout.In addition, job satisfaction was found to moderate the relationship between job characteristics and burnout in such a way that the relationship is weaker for employees with high levels of job satisfaction. These empirical findings have important implications for human resource managers and organizational behavior researchers who are interested in how to reduce burnout that is likely to reduce the organization’s productivity and threaten its competitiveness in the long run.
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Externalities and Ethical Buying Decision
Authors :- Lok Tak Ming, Jafy
Keywords :- Coase Theorem, Externalities, Pareto Inefficiency, Ethical Buying Decision.
Published Online :- 19 August 2014

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    Under the condition of perfect competition with the information flow is free and available to all parties in the business, externality is considered as one of the market failure causing Pareto inefficiency due to inappropriate allocation of scare resources. In order to achieve Pareto efficiency, the general alternative is to impose Pigouvian Taxes or assign property right under Coase theorem. The other argument on this problem is from the view of the buyers or consumers. This paper is an explanatory study using a questionnaire survey with 5-point Likert’s scale to the college students in the Philippines. This research investigated whether ordinary consumer will support a company with negative externalities as well as explored the characteristics leading to the ethical buying decision. Based on the statistical analysis from the results of the study, the theories and propositions are supported that the consumer will not support a company with negative externalities. The buyer will make the ethical buying decision in the perfect market such that the demand for the producer with negative externalities will be low. The perfect market mechanism will adjust the externality’s problem naturally without the necessary application of Pigouvian taxes and Coase theorem.
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Justice, Care and Benevolence as Spurs to Employee Loyalty
Authors :- Kemi Ogunyemi
Keywords :- Benevolence, Care, Justice, Loyalty, Virtue
Published Online :- 02 December 2014

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    So many scholars have written about organizational justice that Colquitt et al. (2001) commented on the concern that justice literature may focus on the parts at the risk of forgetting the whole picture, and though they empirically verified that each dimension of justice is distinctive, their analysis serves to emphasize the importance of this field and the usefulness of understanding how to promote justice in the workplace along all its dimensions. This paper proposes loyalty as an underlying ‘construct’ or nexus that binds together the different dimensions of justice – procedural, distributive, interpersonal, informational – and also considers the elements of care and benevolence without which justice could not be adequately beneficial to the organization. The quality of loyalty as a reciprocal value (Melé, 2001; Chandran, 2007) makes it a rich construct through which to look at justice, care and benevolence as employer values that contribute greatly to employee loyalty and its consequent and desirable managerial outcomes (Colquitt et al. 2001): outcome satisfaction, job satisfaction, organizational commitment, trust, acceptance of authority, organizational citizenship behaviour (altruism), and performance. I have herein explored theoretical and empirical bibliographical sources with a view to contributing to bridging the gap between business ethics and organizational justice (Fortin, 2008).
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Assessing Knowledge Management Establishment Case Study
Authors :- Leili Azimi-Pour and Majid Nili-Ahmadabadi
Keywords :- knowledge management, organizational culture, knowledge processes, information technology
Published Online :- 18 February 2014

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    This paper aims to identify the key elements of knowledge management establishment in Isfahan hospitals. The main factors of this study are organizational culture, knowledge processes and information technology. This study is descriptive-survey. The statistical population of the study consists of 724 of Isfahan hospitals in 2013. For sampling method we use Jersey and Morgan table and statistical sample of this study are 300 customers. For determining the impact of each variable on knowledge management establishment and hypothesis testing the Pearson’s correlation and multiple regressions is used. Research results show that all three main variables of the study impact on knowledge management establishment from the staff views.
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Gaining and Sustaining Competitive Advantage A Study of Nigeria’s Manufacturing Sector
Authors :- Yahaya Sani , Abdel- Hafiez Ali Hassaballah and Muhammad Hassan Hafiz
Keywords :- Resource Base View, competitive advantage, sustainable competitive advantage and Innovation.
Published Online :- 18 February 2014

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    Nigeria has allowed itself to be used for all sorts of imported goods from foreign industries and Asian Tigers in the name of globalization. Consequently, this has greatly affected the capacity utilization of various firms of the Nigeria’s manufacturing sector. it is a thing of concern that even the oil which Nigeria produces, part of it is refined abroad and imported back to the country to meet-up local consumption, the situation becomes more aggravated due to Nigerians preference for foreign good. The purpose of this study is to investigate on how Nigeria’s manufacturing firms could gain and sustain competitive advantage deciding resource base view’s value, rareness and inimitability as independent variable according to the study as Elements of competitive advantage and innovation as dependent variable also known to be sustainable competitive advantage according to this study. Data were collected through personal questionnaire from166 manufacturing firms in Nigeria who are Members of Manufacturing Association of Nigeria within North West and North Central zones with 70% response rate. The results from the study indicated that there is positive and significant relationship between elements of competitive advantage namely resource value, resource rareness and resource inimitability with sustainable competitive advantage; innovation. According to the result manufacturers in Nigeria fully agreed that implementing strategy that leads to value, rare and inimitable resource yield firms competitive advantage and continues innovation sustained the advantage. This study adds Knowledge to the theory and practice of sustainable competitive advantage particularly in Nigeria’s manufacturing firms. Its theoretical and empirical significance adds more insight on the previous empirical studies in the field that is to say it gives guidelines to manufacturers in Nigeria on the application of strategic management. It gives guidelines to manufacturers in Nigeria on the impact of strategic management approaches on sustainable competitive advantage. For government and firms, the study provides avenue of enhancing sustainable competitive advantage in Nigeria and Africa as a whole since the phenomena is general.
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Investigating the Relationship between Recruitment & Selection Practice and OCB Dimensions of Commercial Banks in China Authors
Authors :- Sumayya Begum, Sun Zehou and Mohammad Amzad Hossain Sarker
Keywords :- China, Commercial Banks, HRM, OCB, Recruitment, Selection.
Published Online :- 24 February 2014

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    The core objective of this study is to investigate the relationship between recruitment & selection practice and OCB dimensions of some commercial banks in China. For that purpose data were collected by verified structured questionnaire. Total 57 respondent (N= 57) were chosen from six (6) commercial banks in China by convenience sampling technique. The condition was that all of the respondents were working in different positions of selected banks in China. Data were analyzed by using software SPSS-16.0 version by adopting the statistical techniques, correlation and regression. The study reveals that recruitment & selection practice exercised in the private banking sector of China have significant influence on employees’ extra role behaviors. The findings also found that the percentage of variance in employees’ consciousness behavior is most significantly influenced by recruitment & selection practice of commercial banks in China then the rest of the order is as follows: employees’ courtesy (58.0%), employees’ altruism behavior (56.0%) and employees’ civic virtue behavior (45.5%). Therefore this study recommend the employers to ensure effective and fair recruitment process followed by reward and motivation, career growth, training & development and job design to enhance OCB of the employees in the workplace for long term employment relationship. This research also suggest that the field of HRM and OCB must get more attention to develop relevant theories and models for the Chinese commercial banks to ensure best HRM practices for getting sustainable competitive advantage.
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Principals’ Administrative Effectiveness and Staff Productivity in Selected Secondary School in South West Region, Cameroon
Authors :- Joseph Besong Besong
Keywords :- Principal, Administrative, Effectiveness Staff and, Productivity.
Published Online :- 19 March 2014

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    The study investigates administrative effectiveness and their managerial implications towards staff productivity in terms of managing human and material resources, interpersonal relationship, managing school finance, discipline and motivation of staff. Two hypotheses were isolated and the researcher adopted ex-post-facto for the study. The researcher made an instrument known as Principals’ Administrative Effectiveness and Staff Descriptive Questionnaire (PAESDQ) to illicit data, using the questionnaire of a 4-point Likert scale from 300 respondents or sample population drawn from the selected secondary schools in the targeted Region for the study and a stratified random sampling technique was used .The data were analyzed using independent t-test. The result of the study showed that principals administrative effectiveness was significantly positive in terms of interpersonal relationship, managing school finance and motivation of staff but significantly negative in managing human and material resources. However, principals administrative effectiveness was not contingent on their sexes that is male or female in terms of the variables used or isolated out for the study towards staff productivity in South-West Region of Cameroon Males principals proved more efficient than their female counterparts in terms of administrative effectiveness in all the variables isolated for the study .Some profile recommendations made included that principals’ appointment should be based on administration or managerial qualification(s) and experience. Induction courses should be organized for those promoted to the rank of principals, to acquaint with simple ethics of management and administration of human beings Fresher’s or those from higher institutions of learning should not be appointed yet until after some years of practical experience, hence it is the best teacher. Political sentiments should not be found at the corridors of those saddled with this responsibility. Principals should be encouraged by motivating them in terms of incentives as grass-root administrators for effectiveness since they are representatives of both the Regional Delegate of Ministry of Education and the Minister of Education in their respective secondary schools in South-West Region in particular and those in other Regions’ secondary schools throughout the country in general. Fresher’s (i.e. newly employed teachers) from Higher Teachers’ Training Colleges posted to secondary schools in South-West Region and elsewhere in the country should be motivated so that they should not make teaching profession as stepping stone to other jobs which are more lucrative This will improve staff productivity in secondary schools in South-West Region in particular and the country at large.
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Management of Risk in Industrial Projects Evaluation
Authors :- Marian Andrei Gurau, Lucia Violeta Melnic
Keywords :- Chaos, Investment decision, Project management, Risk
Published Online :- 25 March 2014

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    The article presents the concepts that can occur in the assessment and implementation of industrial projects, as well as the modalities of implementation of a robust risk management. It is present the interdependence between project complexity and categories of risk: chaos, uncertainty, ambiguity, propagation. Also is realized a model of evaluation and measuring the risks in the case of investment decisions.
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A Survey of the Effect of Organizational Intelligence on Motivation of the Employees
Authors :- Mojtaba Firuzjaeyan, Morteza Kouchak Amoli and Ahmad Mohmmad Nataj Fereiduni
Keywords :- Entrepreneurship, Organizational intelligence, Motivation
Published Online :- 16 April 2014

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    One of the most important equipments of organizations to develop the capabilities is entrepreneurship of human resources. Managers motivation leads to the systematic attempt for long-term investigation of the future of science, technology, economy, environmental and society to identify the new phenomena. Thus, the present study aimed to investigate the effect of organizational intelligence on motivation as one of the components of the entrepreneurship. The present study is correlation design and the data were collected by the questionnaire that was distributed among 230 educational employees of the university including the lecturers and educational-executive managers. Total count sampling method was used. The data were collected by Albrecht organizational intelligence survey and Robbins entrepreneurship and both of them had good validity and reliability. The results showed that there was high and positive correlation between organizational intelligence and motivation. The correlation of organizational intelligence was 0.73. It means that the higher the organizational intelligence, the higher the motivation of the employees. The multi-variate analysis showed that organizational intelligence components could determine 0.59 of the changes of dependent variable (motivation).
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Impact of Accounting Information Systems on Profitability of Small Scale Businesses: A Case of Kampala City in Uganda
Authors :- Augustine Muhindo, Maureen Kapute Mzuza and Jian Zhou
Keywords :- Accounting information systems, profitability, small scale businesses
Published Online :- 16 April 2014

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    The purpose of the study was to examine the impact of accounting information systems on profitability level of small scale businesses in Kampala city. Uganda, East Africa. The Major problem identified was that, most small scale businesses do not have accounting information systems which result into continuous low performance levels. Descriptive method was used where qualitative data was collected. Secondary data was collected to analyze the impact of accounting information systems on profitability level of small scale businesses. Research findings revealed that most small scale businesses do not apply accounting information systems which result into low profits. In addition to that, the findings show that there is a positive relationship between accounting information systems and profitability level of small scale businesses. Accounting plays an important role in our economic and social systems especially in its management and great work it does in facilitating management decision making process. This study therefore recommends that small scale businesses should adopt these systems in their business management. The Government and policy makers should come up with policies and guidelines that will facilitate the implementation of these systems in the business environment. Such policies could include tax waivers or tax reductions on equipment to be used in these systems.
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Externalities and Social Responsibilities
Authors :- Lok Tak Ming, Jafy
Keywords :- Coase Theorem, Externalities, Pareto Inefficiency, Social Responsibilities.
Published Online :- 30 April 2014

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    As this is an explanatory research using a multiple case study method, this research investigated whether ordinary consumer will support a company with negative externalities. From the results of the three case studies, the theories and propositions are supported and literal replication is expected on the propositions. Under the condition of perfect competition with the information flow is free and available to all parties in the market, traditionally, externality is considered as one of the market failure causing Pareto inefficiency. With the buyer will act ethically in the perfect market, the producer with negative externalities will suffer from lower demand such that they will improve the negative externalities impact to public. As such, the externalities issue will be adjusted by the perfect market naturally. The application of Pigouvian taxes and Coase theorem may not be necessary.
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Corporate Social Disclosure: Explanatory Theories and Conceptual Framework

Authors :- Toukabri Mohamed, Ben Jemâa Olfa, Jilani Faouzi
Keywords :- Corporate Social responsibility, Corporate Social Disclosure, Agency Theory, Stakeholders Theory, Legitimacy Theory.
Published Online :- 27 May 2014

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    The expectations of consumers, employees, investors, partners of business and local communities to the role of companies in the folk have increased. Thus, guidelines, principles and codes are recommended for the proper conduct of business. Governments, nongovernmental organizations (NGOs) and local communities are demanding to increase transparency and accountability, not only in the daily operation of enterprises, but also in terms of how its operations affect the Society. Indeed, in our research paper we examine the explanatory theories the activity of social responsibility of the company and the corporate social disclosure, the relationship between these different theories and the evolution of communication accounting of social information by companies over time.
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Management of Organizational Structuring Process and Corporate Governance: Key Factors of Success in Albania
Authors :- Rezart Dibra
Keywords :- organizational structure, business trends, organizational design, organizational changes, corporate governance.
Published Online :- 05 January 2014

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    Organizational Structure includes a firm’s formal role configuration, procedures, governance, and control mechanisms, and authority and decision-making processes. The simple structure is an organizational form in which the owner-manager makes all major decisions directly and monitors all activities, while the staff serves as an extension of the manager’s supervisory authority.
    Organizational structure is the manner in which an organization divides its labor into specific tasks and achieves coordination among these tasks. It broadly refers to how the organization’s individuals and groups are put together or organized to accomplish work. Organizational structure intervenes between goals and organizational accomplishments and thus influences organizational effectiveness. Structure affects how effectively and efficiently group effort is coordinated. To achieve its goals, an organization has to divide labor among its members and then coordinate what has been divided.
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Why Repatriates Resign: Interviews with Those Who Left
Authors :- Dawn Olds and Liza Howe-Walsh
Keywords :- Company-Initiated Expatriation, Global Mobility, Qualitative Research Methods, Repatriates, Turnover.
Published Online :- 05 January 2014

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    This research paper is a qualitative exploration of why repatriates resign from their organisation after returning to their home country, through the eyes of repatriates. Based on semi-structured interviews, resignation in part results from underemployment, relative deprivation and unmet expectations. Extending Bowen and Ostroff’s (2004) theoretical framework to repatriation our research highlights a weak climate can be created in an organisation when all parts of the organisation are not working synchronously, thus influencing turnover. In particular our research found the lack of consistent communication by HR significantly affected the repatriate’s experience and intention to leave. We found the pull towards boundaryless careers seemed to be a result of going abroad after repatriation. Our research highlights the importance of additional reward motivating continuance of international assignments.
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An International Empirical Look at a Few Possible Reasons for Brain Drain
Authors :- William R. DiPietro
Keywords :- Brain Drain, Brain Drain Determinants, Cross Country Analysis.
Published Online :- 05 January 2014

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    Brain drain is a big issue for a lot of countries. Understanding the underlying causes of brain drain is the first step in trying to bring brain drain under control. The purpose of the paper is to use cross country regression analysis to empirically look at some of the factors that may determine brain drain. It finds that higher income per capita, greater country peace, enhanced work force educational quality, and better property rights are associated with reduced country brain drain.
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The Exploration of Port Industry Ecological Development under the Background of Lowcarbon
Authors :- Lei Wang
Keywords :- Low-carbon, Ecological development, Port industry, Exploration
Published Online :- 16 January 2014

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    This paper talks about the connotation of port industry ecological trend, analyzing and exploring port industry ecological trend development from five aspects, such as enterprise, supply chain, cluster, land-sea and area, and it aims to explore the internal mechanism and development mode of port industry ecological trend. Some correlative strategy of port industry ecological trend development is mentioned and the theoretical framework of port industry ecological trend development is structured in this paper.
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The Determinants of Sustainable Development in Laos
Authors :- Hatthachan Phimphanthavong
Keywords :- Sustainability, Economic Growth, Social Development and Environment Conditions.
Published Online :- 28 January 2014

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    This study attempts to determine the importance of sustainable development and aims to propose some indicators and tools that would be used to facilitate a transition towards sustainability. It is assumed that sustainable development is a function of three factors, economic growth, social development and environmental conditions. The results are then combined with certain principles of sustainability, to develop a roadmap for sustainable development in Laos. Annual time series data is used for the period 1990-2010. In order to generate the most appropriate equation for analysis, relevant theoretical and studies are reviewed. This study proves that sustainable development is a fair combination of the three main factors of development, economic growth, social development, and environmental protection, under the condition that economic growth is distributed to all the population, through poverty reduction, minimizing inequality in society, and maintaining a good condition of the environment and natural resources. It is about achieving the economic growth needed to meet human needs, improve living standards, and provide the financial resources that make environmental protection possible.
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Analyzing the Trinomial “Competitiveness-Growth-Social Justice” in the Eurozone
Authors :- Antonio E. Morales-Pita
Keywords :- Competitiveness, growth, internal devaluation, monetary union.
Published Online :- 08 February 2014

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    This paper analyzes the theoretical relationship between the trinomial and the monetary union membership in the context of the Eurozone financial crisis. Since the last four years the sustainability of the Eurozone is intensely discussed in international political economy (IPE) by scholars and non-academic journalists, especially in relation to the effectiveness of austerity to solve the crisis. The author argues that the main cause of the crisis is not the profligacy of some states, but the lack of competitiveness inherent to the necessary implementation of internal devaluation leading to current account (CA) and capital account (KA) imbalances, increasing borrowing from weaker countries, thereby affecting their public budgets, growth and social justice. The conclusion summarizes that the Eurozone sooner or later should collapse due to economic, financial, social and political crises.
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Perceived Compliance with International Standards on Auditing and Quality of Auditing
Authors :- Kakande Robert Ashe J,Arthur Sserwanga and Baziz Natamba
Keywords :- Auditing, International Standards on Auditing, Perceived Compliance, Quality.
Published Online :- 08 February 2014

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    The purpose of the study was to examine the relationship between perceived compliance with ISAs and quality of auditing in Uganda. A conceptual framework was developed relating perceived compliance with ISAs with quality of auditing using reliability, relevance and degree of accuracy. A cross sectional research design was used to collect data from 103 audit partners of audit firms in Kampala out of a population of 140. Purposive and simple random sampling techniques were also used to select 133 respondents from users of audited financial information like banks, micro-finance institutions and Uganda Revenue Authority and 7 respondents from ICPAU. The findings show positive perceptions on compliance with ISAs by audit firms in Uganda, positive perceptions on the quality of auditing in Uganda by both the audit partners and users of audited financial information and a significant positive relationship between perceived compliance with ISAs and quality of auditing in Uganda. From the findings it is clear that ISAs are applicable and it is advisable that audit firms comply with ISAs so as to constantly have quality in audited financial information.
  • View References

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